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The British Supermarine Spitfire was the only Allied fighter aircraft of the Second World War .


Supermarine Spitfire

The British Supermarine Spitfire was the only Allied fighter aircraft of the Second World War to fight in front line service from the beginnings of the conflict, in September 1939, through to the end in August 1945. Post-war, the Spitfire's service career continued into the 1950s.[1] The basic airframe proved to be extremely adaptable, capable of taking far more powerful engines and far greater loads than its original role as a short-range interceptor had called for. This would lead to 19 marks of Spitfire and 52 sub-variants being produced throughout the Second World War, and beyond.[2] The many changes were made in order to fulfill Royal Air Force requirements and to successfully engage in combat with ever-improving enemy aircraft.[3] With the death of the original designer, Reginald J. Mitchell, in June 1937, all variants of the Spitfire were designed by his replacement, Joseph Smith, and a team of engineers and draftsmen.


These articles present a brief history of the Spitfire through all of its variants, including many of the defining characteristics of each sub-type. This particular article deals only with Spitfire variants powered by early model Rolls-Royce Merlin engines, which mostly utilised single-speed, single-stage superchargers. The second article describes Spitfire variants powered by later model Merlins, featuring two-stage, two-speed superchargers, while the final article covers the later Spitfire variants which were powered by the larger Rolls-Royce Griffon engines.


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Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IIC

Starting with the Mk V, some Spitfires had their rounded elliptical wingtips "clipped" outboard of the ailerons, and replaced by shorter, squared-off fairings to improve low-altitude performance and enhance the roll rate, one area where the Mk V fell badly behind the rival Fw 190. Although these "clipped-wing" aircraft are popularly known as "L.F." versions due to the fact that they were designated "L.F." (i.e. Spitfire L.F. Mk V), the "L" actually refers to the different versions of the Rolls-Royce Merlin engines used.

  • History

    Role Fighter

    Manufacturer Supermarine

    Designer R. J. Mitchell

    First flight 5 March 1936

    Introduction 1938

    Retired 1955, RAF


  • Primary Users

    Primary user Royal Air Force

    Produced 1938–1948

    Number built 20,351

    Variants Seafire



  • General Info

    Production by Mark

    Prototype Supermarine 1 K5054. First flight 5 May 1936.

    IA, IB Supermarine, Westland 1,567 First production Spitfire K9787 first flew 14 May 1938.

    IIA, IIB Castle Bromwich 921 First CB built Spitfire P7280, June 1940.

    III Supermarine 2 N3297 converted from Mk I, W3237 converted from Mk V.

    VA, VB, VC Supermarine, Castle Bromwich, Westland 6,487 First Mk V; P8532 (VB) June 1941.

    VI Supermarine 100 First Mk VI AB136 December 1941.

You are definitely intrigued to discover Spitfire Mk.IIC.

The Spitfires with the single-stage Merlin engines used five different wing types, Type A, B, C, D and E wings, which had the same dimensions and plan but different internal arrangements of armament and fuel tanks.[5] All Mk Is, IIs, and Vs and their derivatives had small, rectangular undercarriage indicator pins which projected at an angle from the upper wing surfaces when the undercarriage legs were locked down, providing a positive mechanical indication that the landing gears were indeed down and locked, since the pilot could not see the landing gear for himself.

Supermarine Spitfire


The British Supermarine Spitfire was the only Allied fighter aircraft of the Second World War .


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