The Ryan PT-22 Recruit, the main military version of the Ryan ST, is a military trainer aircraft.
Ryan PT-22 Recruit
Design and development
The PT-22's fuselage is a simple monocoque structure, with thick gauge alclad skin. The wings feature spruce spars, aluminum alloy ribs, steel compression members, with aircraft fabric covering aft to the trailing edge and aluminum alloy sheet covering from the leading edge to the spar. The wings have 4° 10' of sweep back, 3° of incidence and 4° 30' dihedral.
The PT-22 fuel system consists of a single tank mounted forward of the front cockpit. Fuel is gravity fed to the carburetor. The oil system is a dry-sump type, with all oil stored in a tank located on the front side of the firewall in the upper section of the fuselage. The wing flaps are mechanically operated from a lever located on the left side of each cockpit. Adjustable elevator trim is provided via an elevator trim tab controllable from a handwheel mounted on the left side of each cockpit. In its original configuration, the aircraft was not equipped with an electrical system. Hydraulic brakes are provided for each wheel, controllable via the rudder pedals in each cockpit.
In order to simplify maintenance, the wheel spats and landing gear fairings were deleted in the production examples
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The PT-22 was developed in 1941 from the civilian Ryan ST series. The earlier PT-20 and PT-21 were the military production versions of the Ryan ST-3 with a total of 100 built. The PT-22 was the United States Army Air Corps' first purpose built monoplane trainer. The rapid expansion of wartime aircrew training required new trainers, and the Ryan PT-22 was ordered in large numbers. Named the "Recruit", it entered operational service with the U.S. Orders also were placed by the Netherlands, but were never realized as the nation capitulated to Axis forces. The small order of 25 ST-3s was redirected to the United States and redesignated as the PT-22A. Another order also came from the U.S. Navy for 100 examples.
Ryan Spirit of St.Louis
The Ryan PT-22 Recruit, the main military version of the Ryan ST, is a military trainer aircraft used by the United States Army Air Corps during WWII for primary pilot training.
The Ryan PT-22 remains a popular World War II collector aircraft.
Ryan PT-22 Reqruit
Manufacturer Ryan Aeronautical Company
Primary users United States Army Air Forces
United States Army Air Corps
Number built 1,048
Unit cost $10,000
Developed from Ryan ST
Crew: two (student and instructor)
Length: 22 ft 5 in (6.90 m) Wingspan: 30 ft 1 in (9.17 m)
Height: 7 ft 2 in (2.18 m)
Wing area: 134.25 sq ft (12.5 sq m)
Empty weight: 1308 lb (593 kg)
Useful load: 552 lb (250 kg); Loaded weight: 1860 lb (844 kg)
Max. takeoff weight: 1,860 lb (844 kg)
Powerplant: 1 × Kinner R-540, 160 hp (120 kW)
Never exceed speed: 190 mph (305 km/h)
Maximum speed: 125 mph (200 km/h)
Cruise speed: 100 mph (160 km/h)
Stall speed: 62 mph, flaps down; 64 mph, flaps up (100 km/h, flaps down; 103 km/h, flaps up)
Range: 231 miles @1560 RPM (371 km @1560 RPM)
Service ceiling: 15,400 ft (4,700 m)
Rate of climb: 710 fpm @ max TO weight (216 m/min @ max TO weight)
Ryan PT-22 Recruit
The Ryan PT-22 Recruit, the main military version of the Ryan ST, is a military trainer aircraft used by the United States Army Air Corps during WWII.