The Fokker T.VIII was a twin-engined torpedo bomber and aerial reconnaissance floatplane .
Design and Development
The Fokker T.VIII was a twin-engined monoplane floatplane, featuring a three-part fuselage of oval cross-section and a mid-wing configuration. The first fuselage section consisted of a monocoque light alloy construction, while the centre section was all-wood and had incorporated the wing as well; the rear fuselage section was largely made of steel tubing and fabric. The undercarriage consisted of a pair of floats composed of rust-proof duralumin; internally, each float contained six waterproof compartments along with an auxiliary fuel tank.
The aircraft's construction changed throughout its manufacture. While the T.VIII W/G model featured a wing comprising a pair of cross-beams with bakelite ribs and clad in plywood, as well as a steel-framed tail covered by fabric; for the later-built T.VIII W/M variant, both the tail and the wing were constructed from a lightweight alloy instead. At the time of the T.VII's development, Fokker was developing new construction methods that involved transitioning from traditional mixed-construction to an all-metal approach.
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It was developed in the late 1930s as a more-capable successor to the Fokker T.IV. While the Dutch Naval Aviation Service had originally desired for its use in both the home waters and in the Dutch East Indies, the Second World War broke out as production was ramping up to meet these needs. In addition to its service in the Netherlands, both the Royal Air Force (RAF) and the Luftwaffe would operate small numbers of the type.
The Fokker T.VIII was a twin-engined torpedo bomber and aerial reconnaissance floatplane designed and manufactured by Dutch aviation company Fokker.
Role Torpedo-bomber seaplane
First flight 1938
Length: 13 m (42 ft 8 in)
Wingspan: 18 m (59 ft 1 in)
Height: 5 m (16 ft 5 in)
Gross weight: 5,000 kg (11,023 lb)
Powerplant: 2 × Wright R-975-E3 Whirlwind 9-cyl. air-cooled radial piston engines, 336 kW (451 hp) each
Maximum speed: 285 km/h (177 mph, 154 kn) at 3,000 m (9,843 ft)
Range: 2,750 km (1,710 mi, 1,480 nmi)
Service ceiling: 6,800 m (22,300 ft)
2 × 7.92 (0.312 in) machine guns
600 kg (1,323 lb) of bombs or torpedoes
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