Cessna Aircraft

The Cessna 190 and 195 Businessliner are a family of light single radial engine powered, conventional landing gear.

 

Cessna 195 Businessliner

The Cessna 190 and 195 were Cessna's only postwar radial-engined aircraft. The first prototype flew in 1945, after the end of World War II and both the 190 and 195 entered production in 1947.

The 195 was the first Cessna airplane to be completely constructed of aluminum and features a cantilever wing, similar to the pre-war Cessna 165 from which it is derived. The wing differs from later Cessna light aircraft in that it has a straight taper from root chord to tip chord and no dihedral. The airfoil employed is a NACA 2412, the same as used on the later Cessna 150, 172 and 182.

The 190/195 fuselage is large in comparison to other Cessna models because the 42" diameter radial engine had to be accommodated in the nose. There are two rows of seats: two individual seats in the first row, with a comfortable space between them and up to three passengers can be accommodated on a bench seat in the second row.

The 190/195 has flat sprung-steel landing gear legs derived from Cessna's purchase of the rights to Steve Wittman's Big X. Many have been equipped with swiveling crosswind landing gear which allows landing with up to 15 degrees of crab. While the crosswind gear simplifies the actual landing, it makes the aircraft difficult to handle on the ground. The 195 is equipped with a retractable step that extends when the cabin door is opened, although some have been modified to make the step a fixed unit.

 

The aircraft was expensive to purchase and operate for private use and Cessna therefore marketed them as mainly as a business aircraft under the name "Businessliner".

 

The engines fitted to the 190 and 195 became well known for their oil consumption. The aircraft has a 5-US-gallon (19 L) oil tank, with 2 US gallons (7.6 L) the minimum for flight. Typical oil consumption with steel cylinder barrels is 2 US quarts (1.9 L) per hour.

A factory-produced floatplane version was equipped with a triple tail for improved yaw stability. The tail resembles that of the Lockheed Constellation.

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The LC-126 was the military version of the 300 hp (220 kW) Cessna 195 and could be fitted with skis or floats. 83 LC-126s were delivered, including:

USAF - Cessna LC-126 - 15

Army National Guard - Cessna LC-126B - 5

US Army - Cessna LC-126C - 63

Once made surplus the majority of LC-126s were sold as civil aircraft, once modified by a Cessna civil kit.

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Cessna 195 Businessliner

The Cessna 190 and 195 Businessliner are a family of light single radial engine powered, conventional landing gear equipped, general aviation aircraft which were manufactured by Cessna between 1947 and 1954.

The 195 model was also used by the United States Air Force, United States Army, and Army National Guard as a light transport and utility aircraft under the designations LC-126/U-20

Cessna 195 Businessliner: Specifications

  • History

    Role Light personal and business aircraft

    National origin United States

    Manufacturer Cessna Aircraft Company

    First flight 1945; Introduction 1947

    Primary users United States Army

    United States Air Force

    Produced 1947-1954; Number built 1,180

    Developed from Cessna 165

  • Primary Users

    Crew: one; Capacity: four passengers

    Length: 27 ft 4 in (8.33 m); Wingspan: 36 ft 2 in (11.02 m)

    Height: 7 ft 2 in (2.18 m)

    Empty weight: 2,100 lb (953 kg); Gross weight: 3,350 lb (1,520 kg)

    Fuel capacity: 75 US gallons (280 l; 62 imp gal)

    Powerplant: 1 × Jacobs R-755 radial engine, 300 hp (220 kW)

    Propellers: 2-bladed Hamilton Standard constant speed propeller

  • General Info

    Maximum speed: 178 mph (286 km/h; 155 kn)

    Cruise speed: 170 mph (274 km/h; 148 kn) at 70% power

    Stall speed: 62 mph (100 km/h; 54 kn) power off, flaps 45°

    Never exceed speed: 200 mph (322 km/h; 174 kn)

    Range: 800 mi (695 nmi; 1,287 km) at 70% power

    Service ceiling: 18,300 ft (5,600 m)

     

Cessna 195 Businessliner

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The 195 model was also used by the United States Air Force, United States Army, and Army National Guard as a light transport and utility aircraft under the designations LC-126/U-20

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