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The Canadair CT-114 Tutor (company model CL-41) was the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF)



Canadair CT-114 Tutor


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Design and development

The CL-41 design was the product of the Canadair Preliminary Design department.[1] The design incorporated a turbojet-powered, low-wing aircraft with a tricycle undercarriage and a T-type tail assembly. The flying controls are manual with spring tabs. The cabin, fitted with a rear-hinged canopy for both crew members, can be pressurized to a differential of 3 psi (20 kPa), the equivalent of about 2,000 m of altitude. It was designed to be a side-by-side trainer for providing elementary jet flight training and other training to an advanced level. The prototype first flew on 13 January 1960.


One critical area of design was the positioning of the vertical stabilizer (fin). The CL-41 was intended to demonstrate spin recovery. If the fin is too far forward, a spin cannot be initiated, but if it is too far aft, recovery becomes impossible. Model tests were done to find the optimum position. The original Tutor wind-tunnel model had a cruciform tail, which was revised to the T-tail design by removing the portion above the horizontal stabilizer

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Canadair CT-114 Tutor

One other variant was developed, the CL-41R which was fitted with an F-104 Starfighter nose as a proposed electronic systems trainer for future RCAF CF-104 pilots. A single airframe (CF-LTX-X) was built but the R model never went into production.


  • History

    Role Trainer, Ground-attack aircraft

    National origin Canada

    Manufacturer Canadair

    First flight 13 January 1960

    Retired 2000 as a trainer (Canadian Forces)



  • General Info

    Status Small numbers currently in flying condition for testing and aerobatic demonstration

    Primary users Canadian Forces

    Royal Canadian Air Force

    Royal Malaysian Air Force




  • Performance

    See Specifications click here

    Produced 1963–1966

    Number built 212


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In 1967, ten Tutors were modified for use as a formation aerobatic aircraft by the RCAF (and later the unified Canadian Forces) display team, the Golden Centennaires to celebrate Canada's centennial year. The display team was disbanded after the 1967 season. In 1971 a formation team was formed at 2CFFTS (Two Canadian Forces Flying Training School) at CFB Moose Jaw. In 1972 the name "Snowbirds" was chosen and in 1978 the team gained squadron status as 431 Air Demonstration Squadron, who continue to perform at air shows and special events including the annual flypast on Canada Day over the capital city, Ottawa.[

Canadair CT-114 Tutor


The Tutor served as the Canadian Forces primary jet trainer until it was replaced by the CT-155 Hawk and CT-156 Harvard II in 2000. The CL-41G model supplied to Malaysia was built as a ground-attack aircraft. The Tutor is currently still used by the
Snowbirds aerobatics team.


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