Canada  aircraft

The Canadair CP-107 Argus (CL-28) was a marine reconnaissance aircraft designed and manufactured by Canadair for the Royal Canadian Air Force.

Conroy CP-107 Argus

Design and development

Canadair began work on the CL-28 in April 1954 and at the time it was the largest aircraft built in Canada. The hybrid design, initially referred to as the 'Britannia Maritime Reconnaissance', or 'Britannia MR', was derived from the Bristol Britannia transport, having the same wings, tail surfaces and landing gear except for being "Americanized" – meaning that it used the same general design, but changed the British materials and standard parts for North American ones.

The fuselage was completely redesigned by Canadair, going from the pressure cabin of the Britannia to an unpressurised one with bomb bays fore and aft of the wings. The powerplant was also changed from the Bristol Proteus turboprop engines to Wright R-3350 compound (piston) engines, which had lower fuel consumption necessary for extended missions at low level. At the design stage the other possible engine was the Napier Nomad, another turbo compound engine, although the Nomad was later cancelled.

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The Argus replaced the RCAF Lancaster and Lockheed P-2 Neptune aircraft types previously flown in the maritime roles. One of the most effective anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft of its day, the Argus was a mainstay for the RCAF. A large amount of equipment was carried, including: search radar, sonobuoys, electronic counter measures (ECM), explosive echo ranging (EER) and magnetic anomaly detector (MAD). Up to 8,000 lb (3,632 kg) of weapons could be carried in the bomb bays, including torpedoes, bombs, mines and depth charges.

Canadair
Canadair CP-107 Argus

Variants

Argus Mk 1 : Long-range maritime reconnaissance aircraft for the RCAF. This aircraft was fitted with an American APS-20 radar in a chin-mounted radome. (13 built)

Argus Mk 2 : Long-range maritime reconnaissance aircraft for the RCAF. This aircraft was fitted with a British ASV-21 radar in a chin-mounted radome. (20-built)

Canadair CP-107 Argus: See below

  • History

    Role Maritime patrol aircraft

    Manufacturer Canadair

    Designer Tom Harvie

    First flight 28 March 1957

    Introduction 1957

    Retired 1982

     

  • General Info

    Primary users Royal Canadian Air Force

    Canadian Forces

    Produced 1957- 1960

    Number built 33

    Unit cost

    $5,513,000

    Developed from Bristol Britannia

     

     

  • Performance

    Crew: 15

    Length: 128 ft 9.5in (39.26 m)

    Wingspan: 142 ft 3.5in (43.37 m)

    Height: 38 ft 8 in (11.79 m)
    Powerplant: 4 × Wright R-3350 TC18EA1 Turbo-Compound engines, 3,700 shp (2,535 kW) each
    Maximum speed: 315 mph (507 km/h)

    Cruise speed: 207 mph (333 km/h)
    Armament

    Max 8,000 lb bombs, depth charges, torpedoes, mines and 3,800 lb air-to-surface missiles and free-fall weapons on underwing hardpoints

Canadair CP-107 Argus

Aircrafttotaal

The Canadair CP-107 Argus (CL-28) was a marine reconnaissance aircraft designed and manufactured by Canadair for the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF). In its early years, the Argus was reputedly the finest anti-submarine patrol bomber in the world.

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