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British Aerospace

The British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) was a British aircraft manufacturer formed from the government-pressured merger of English Electric Aviation Ltd., Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft), the Bristol Aeroplane Company and Hunting Aircraft in 1960. Bristol, English Electric and Vickers became "parents" of BAC with shareholdings of 20%, 40% and 40% respectively. BAC in turn acquired the share capital of their aviation interests and 70% of Hunting several months later.[1] Its head office was on the top floors of the 100 Pall Mall building in the City of Westminster, London.

BAC was formed following a warning from government that it expected consolidation in the aircraft, guided weapons and engine industries. The government also promised incentives for such a move, including the supersonic BAC TSR-2 strike aircraft contract, the maintenance of government research and development spending and the guarantee of aid in launching "promising new types of civil aircraft".


The new corporation was jointly owned by Vickers, English Electric and Bristol. Internally it had two divisions – the Aircraft Division under Sir George Edwards and the Guided Weapons Division under Viscount Caldecote. The aircraft operations of the three parents were now subsidiaries of BAC; "Bristol Aircraft Ltd", "English Electric Aviation Ltd" (with Viscount Caldecote as general manager) and "Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft) Ltd" (under Sir George Edwards). BAC also had a controlling interest in Hunting Aircraft. The parents still had significant aviation interests outside BAC. English Electric had Napier & Son aero-engines, Bristol had 50% of Bristol Aerojet and Bristol Siddeley engines and smaller investments in Westland and Short Brothers & Harland.


On 29 April 1977, BAC, the Hawker Siddeley Group and Scottish Aviation were nationalised and merged under the provisions of Aircraft and Shipbuilding Industries Act 1977. This new group was established as a statutory corporation, British Aerospace (BAe).

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British Aircraft

Commercial (British)
AVRO York / AirspeedAmbasador / BAC Trident / Bristol type 175 Brittania / Bristol FreighterBAe Jetstream / Hawker 125 / Hawker 900  / BAe  RJ85 BAC 1-11

Britten Norman Defender / Britten Norman Islander / Britten Norman Trilander / Havilland DHC-6 / Percival Pembroke / Hawker 748 Andover / Hawker ATP /
deHavilland DH.84 Dragon / deHavilland DH.89 Rapide / deHavilland DH.106 Comet / deHavilland DH.104 Dove / deHavilland DH.114 Heron /
DHA-3 Drover / Concorde / Scottish Aviation Pioneer / Short Skyvan / Short 360 / Vickers Varsity / Vickers Vanguard / Vickers VC-10 / Vickers Viscount



Trainer & Transport Others see British Millitary

Auster / Britten Norman Islander / Britten Norman Trilander / Britten Norman Defender / Britten Normen Islander / Bristol Bulldog T.1 /
Bristol Freighter / Bristol 175 Brittania / Blackburn Beverly / BAe Hawk T.1  / BAC Provost / BAC Strikemaster / Folland Gnat /
deHaviland Chipmunk / Grob Tutor Trainer Handley Page H.P.67 Hastings
Short Tucano T.1 / Blackburn Beverly  / Short Belfast / Short Skyvan / Short C-23 Sherpa / Percival Pembroke / Percival Provost


World War One (British)

Airco DH.9 / AVRO 504 / AVRO Tutor / Bristol F.2 / Bristol / Sopwith Camel / Bristol Scout / Bristol M.1 / Martin Syde Buzzard /
Royal Aircraft Factory SE5 / Royal Aircraft Factory SE8 / Sopwith Triplane / Sopwith Pub / Sopwith Strutter / Vickers Vimy  Vickers F.5.B. Gunbus


World War Two (British)

AVRO Anson / AVRO Lancaster / AVRO Manchester / Auster / Bristol Bollinbroke  / Fairey Firefly / Fairey Swordfish / Gloster Meteor Gloster Gladiator / Gloster E.28 / Gloster Gauntlet Mk.IIHawker Sea fury / Hawker Hart / Hawker Hind / Hawker Hurricane / deHavilland DH.98 Mosquito / Supermarine Spitfire / Supermarine Seafire / Short Sunderland /
Westland Lysander / Armstrong Whitley Mk.II / Fairey Battle / Bristol Beuafighter

British Commercial / British deHaviland / British Millitary / British WW1 / British WW2 / British Training / British Transport


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