Canada  aircraft

The Bombardier CRJ100 and CRJ200 (formerly known as the Canadair CRJ100 and CRJ200).

 

Bombardier CRJ200 Series

Design and development

The Bombardier CRJ100 and CRJ200 (formerly known as the Canadair CRJ100 and CRJ200) are a family of regional airliners designed and manufactured by Bombardier. The CRJ is Canada's first civil jet airliner.

 

It was based on the Canadair Challenger business jet. An initial effort to produce an enlarged 36-seat version of the aircraft, known as the Challenger 610E, was terminated during 1981. Shortly after Canadair's privatisation and sale to Bombardier, work on a stretched derivative was reinvigorated; during early 1989, the Canadair Regional Jet program was formally launched. On 10 May 1991, the first of three CRJ100 prototypes conducted its maiden flight. The type first entered service during the following year with its launch customer, German airline Lufthansa.

 

The initial variant, the CRJ100, was soon joined by another model, designated as the CRJ200. It was largely identical to the CRJ100, except for the installation of more efficient turbofan engines, which gave the aircraft lower fuel consumption, increased cruise altitude and cruise speed. During the 1990s, various additional versions and models of the type were developed and put into service. During the late 1990s, a substantially enlarged derivative of the airliner, referred to as the CRJ700, was developed; it was soon joined by the even larger CRJ900 and CRJ1000. During 2006, production of both the CRJ100 and CRJ200 came to an end; the majority of produced airliners have remained in revenue service to date. Additionally, several airlines have modernised their fleets to support extended service.

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The Bombardier CRJ100 and CRJ200 are a family of jet-propelled regional airliners, based upon the design of the Challenger CL-600 business jet. Roughly, the CL-600 was stretched 5.92 metres (19 feet 5 inches), which was achieved using fuselage plugs fore and aft of the wing, and was matched with the adoption of a reinforced and modified wing, an expanded fuel capacity, improved landing gear to handle the higher weights, and an additional pair of additional emergency exit doors. When installed in a typical seating configuration, the CRJ100 would accommodate 50 passengers; while in a maximum configuration, 52 passengers could be accommodated. It was powered by a pair of General Electric CF34-3A1 turbofan engines, each of which was capable of generating up to 41.0 kN (4,180 kgp / 9,220 lbf) of thrust.

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Bombardier CRJ200 Series

The CRJ200 is almost identical to the earlier CRJ100 model, except for the adoption of more efficient engines; these new engines have been attributed as having provided the CRJ200 with several improvements in performance, such as lower fuel consumption, as well as an increase in cruise altitude and cruise speed. Bombardier had specifically designed the new model to provide better performance and efficiencies than any of its nearest competitors at that time.

Bombardier CRJ200 Series: See below

  • History

    Role Regional jet/Business jet

    National origin Canada

    Manufacturer Bombardier Aerospace

    First flight 10 May 1991

    Introduction 1992 (Lufthansa)
    Produced 1991–2006

    Number built 1021

  • General Info

    Crew 3–4 : 2 Flight Crew + 1–2 cabin crew

    Seating capacity 50

    Cabin height 6 ft 1 in / 1.85 m; Cabin width 8 ft 3 in / 2.53 m

    Length 87 ft 10 in / 26.77 m

    Wingspan 69 ft 6 in / 21.21 m

    Height 20 ft 8 in / 6.22 m

     Operating empty 30,500 lb / 13,835 kg

    Max payload 13,500 lb / 6,124 kg

  • Performance

    GE CF34-3A1 GE CF34-3B1

    Takeoff thrust (2x) 8,729 lbf / 38.84 kn

    50 pax range ER : 1,305 nm / 2,417 km

    LR : 1,650 nm / 3,056 km[58] ER : 1,345 nm / 2,491 km

    LR: 1,700 nm /3,148 km

    Normal cruise M0.74 : 785 km/h (424 kn)

    High-speed cruise M0.81 : 860 km/h (460 kn)

    Service ceiling 41,000 ft / 12,496 m

     

Bombardier CRJ200 Series

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The Bombardier CRJ100 and CRJ200 (formerly known as the Canadair CRJ100 and CRJ200).

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